Today In History - Sunday, June 26th


The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional and in violation of the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Riots in China's Xinjiang region kill at least 36 people and injuring 21 others.
Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani became Prime Minister of Qatar.

The Waldo Canyon Fire descends into the Mountain Shadows neighborhood in Colorado Springs burning 347 homes in a matter of hours and killing two people.

Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud elected as President of Somaliland.

The U.S. Supreme Court rules in ''District of Columbia v. Heller'' that the ban on handguns in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional.

Benedict XVI reinstated the traditional laws of papal election in which a successful candidate must receive 2/ of the votes.

Mari Alkatiri, the first Prime Minister of East Timor, resigns after weeks of political unrest.

Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson re-elected as President of Iceland.

The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Lawrence v. Texas that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional.

The human genome is the complete set of genetic information for humans. This information is encoded as DNA sequences within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria. Human genomes include both protein-coding DNA genes and noncoding DNA. Haploid human genomes (contained in egg and sperm cells) consist of three billion DNA base pairs, while diploid genomes (found in somatic cells) have twice the DNA content. While there are significant differences among the genomes of human individuals (on the order of 0.1%), these are considerably smaller than the differences between humans and their closest living relatives, the chimpanzees (approximately 4%) and bonobos.

The Human Genome Project produced the first complete sequences of individual human genomes. As of 2012, thousands of human genomes have been completely sequenced, and many more have been mapped at lower levels of resolution. The resulting data are used worldwide in biomedical science, anthropology, forensics and other branches of science. There is a widely held expectation that genomic studies will lead to advances in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and to new insights in many fields of biology, including human evolution.
John Paul II revealed the third secret of Fátima.

The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment
The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Bertie Ahern becomes Prime Minister of Ireland.

Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin

Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposes his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
Attempted assassination of Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak in Addis Ababa.

The U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.

Ten-Day War: The Yugoslav people's army begins the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.

Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overruns the runway and crashes into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers on board perish.

The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she is the first victim who is not a prostitute.
Elvis Presley performs the final concert of his life in Indianapolis, Indiana.

The CN Tower, the world's tallest free-standing structure on land, is opened to general public.

Indira Gandhi establishes emergency rule in India.
Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.

The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio

On Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.

Karol Wojtyła (later John Paul II) made a cardinal by Pope Paul VI.

John F. Kennedy speaks the famous words "Ich bin ein Berliner" on a visit to West Berlin.
U.S. President John F. Kennedy gave his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech, underlining the support of the United States for democratic West Germany shortly after Soviet-supported East Germany erected the Berlin Wall.
Levi Eshkol becomes the Israeli Prime Minister.

The former British Protectorate of British Somaliland gains its independence as Somaliland.
Madagascar gains its independence from France.

The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America's Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.

The South African Congress Alliance adopts the Freedom Charter at the Congress of the People in Kliptown.

Lavrentiy Beria, head of MVD, is arrested by Nikita Khrushchev and other members of the Politburo.

The Pan-Malayan Labour Party is founded in Malaya, as a union of statewide labour parties.

The Western allies begin an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union blockades West Berlin.
William Shockley files the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
Shirley Jackson's short story The Lottery is published in The New Yorker magazine.

The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.

World War II: The Battle of Osuchy in Osuchy, Poland, one of the largest battles between Nazi Germany and Polish resistance forces, ends with the defeat of the latter.

The first flight of the Grumman F6F Hellcat.

World War II: Soviet planes bomb Kassa, Hungary (now Košice, Slovakia), giving Hungary the impetus to declare war the next day.

World War II: Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and the northern part of Bukovina.

Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.

The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island.

American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic.

World War I, Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood - Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.

The first U.S. troops arrive in France to fight alongside Britain and France against Germany in World War I.

The Science Museum in London comes into existence as an independent entity.

The 1907 Tiflis bank robbery took place in Yerevan Square, now Freedom Square, Tbilisi.

1906 French Grand Prix, the first Grand Prix motor racing event held

Bangui is founded by Albert Dolisie and Alfred Uzac in what was then the upper reaches of the French Congo.

Henri Moissan isolated elemental Fluorine for the first time.

The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.

The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.

End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.

Treaty of Nanking comes into effect, Hong Kong Island is ceded to the British "in perpetuity".

William IV becomes king of Britain and Hanover.

French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Fleurus marked the first successful military use of aircraft.

A combined force Spanish, free blacks and allied Indians defeat a British garrison at the Siege of Fort Mose near St. Augustine during the War of Jenkins' Ear.

After a siege and bombardment by cannon, Baku surrenders to the Russians.

Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.

Livonian campaign of Stephen Báthory begins.

French Wars of Religion: Siege of La Rochelle ends.

Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.

Ottomans begin the second Siege of Rhodes.

Richard III becomes King of England.

Western Schism: The Roman Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.

Ulrich von Jungingen becomes Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights.

Przemysł II crowned as King of Poland king of Poland, following Ducal period. The white eagle is added to the Polish coat of arms.

The legendary Pied Piper leads 130 youths out of Hamelin, Germany

Mongols defeat the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Köse Dağ.

En no Ozuno, a Japanese mystic and apothecary who will later be regarded as the founder of a folk religion Shugendō, is banished to Izu Ōshima.

Pope Benedict II chosen.

Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.

Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopts his cousin Alexander Severus as his heir and receives the title of Caesar.

Augustus adopted Tiberius.