Today In History - Wednesday, April 23rd

2003


Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.
1997


Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.
1993


Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.
1990


Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
1988


Pink Floyd's album ''Dark Side of the Moon'' leaves the charts for its first time after spending a record of 741 consecutive weeks (over 14 years) on the Billboard 200.
1987


28 construction workers die when the L'Ambiance Plaza apartment building collapses while under construction in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
1985


Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke. (The response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than 3 months.)
1982


Conch Republic is established
1979


Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police's Special Patrol Group results in the death of protester Blair Peach.
1968


Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university. '' see main article '' Columbia University protests of 1968.
1967


A group of young radicals are expelled from the Nicaraguan Socialist Party (PSN). This group goes on to found the Socialist Workers Party (POS).
1961


Algiers putsch by French generals.
1955


The Canadian Labour Congress is formed by the merger of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada and the Canadian Congress of Labour.
1949


Chinese Civil War: Establishment of the People's Liberation Army Navy.
1948


1948 Arab-Israeli War: Haifa, the major port of Israel, is captured from Arab forces.
1942


World War II: Baedeker Blitz - German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck.
1941


World War II: Greek government and King George II evacuate Athens before the attacking Wehrmacht.
1940


The Rhythm Night Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198 people.
1935


Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
1932


The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.
1923


Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
1920


The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey is founded in Ankara.
1867


William Lincoln patents the zoetrope, a machine which shows animated pictures by mounting a strip of drawings in a wheel.
1815


The Second Serbian Uprising (1815-1817) was a second phase of the national revolution of the Serbs against the Ottoman Empire, which erupted shortly after the annexation of the country to the Ottoman Empire.
1661


King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1660


Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
1635


First public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.
1597


William Shakespeare's ''The Merry Wives of Windsor'' is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.
1521


Battle of Villalar: King Charles I of Spain defeats the Comuneros.
1348


The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III of England is announced on St George's Day.
1343


St. George's Night Uprising.
1229


Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres.
1014


Battle of Clontarf: Brian Boru defeats Viking invaders, but is killed in battle.
215 BC


A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.