Today In History - Monday, November 30th


An Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane belonging to Aéro-Service, crashes into houses near Maya-Maya Airport during a thunderstorm, killing at least 32 people.

Hillary Clinton presidential campaign office hostage crisis: Leeland Eisenberg entered the campaign office of Hillary Clinton in Rochester, New Hampshire with a device suspected of being a bomb and held three people hostage for 5 hours.

John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.

Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah, finally loses, leaving him with US$2,520,700, television's biggest game show winnings.
Lion Air Flight 538 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26.
Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns.

In Renton, Washington, United States, Gary Ridgway (aka The Green River Killer) is arrested.

In Seattle, Washington, United States, demonstrations against a World Trade Organization meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.
British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.

Exxon and Mobil sign a USD$73.7 billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.

Official end of Operation Desert Storm.
U.S. President Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland and speaks in favour of the "Northern Ireland peace process" to a huge rally at Belfast City Hall. He calls terrorists "yesterday's men".

MS Achille Lauro catches fire off the coast of Somalia.

U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Bill) into law.
American National Football League awards 30th franchise to the Jacksonville Jaguars.

Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb.
Richard Mallory of Palm Harbor, Florida becomes serial killer Aileen Wuornos's first victim.

Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for $25.07 billion USD.

Thriller is the sixth studio album by the American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released on November 30, 1982, by Epic Records, as the follow-up to Jackson's critically and commercially successful 1979 album Off the Wall. Thriller explores similar genres to those of Off the Wall, including pop, R&B, rock, post-disco, funk, and adult contemporary music. Recording sessions took place between April and November 1982 at Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles, California, with a production budget of $750,000, assisted by producer Quincy Jones.

Of the album's nine tracks, four were written by Jackson. Seven singles were released from the album, all of which reached the top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. Three of the singles had music videos released. "Baby Be Mine" and "The Lady in My Life" were the only tracks that were not released as singles. In just over a year, Thriller became—and currently remains—the best-selling album of all time, with sales over 65 million copies worldwide according to various sources. In the United States, it also tied with the Eagles' Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) as the best-selling album at 29 million units shipped. The album won a record-breaking eight Grammy Awards in 1984, including for Album of the Year.
Michael Jackson's second solo album, Thriller is released worldwide. It will become the best-selling record album in history.

Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17).

Lucy (Australopithecus) is discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice Taieb, Yves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia's Afar Depression.

Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.

Iran seizes the Greater and Lesser Tunbs from the United Arab Emirates.

The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who becomes its first Chairman later as the Head of state and Head of government after the ''1971 Civil War''.
The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who becomes its first chairman.

Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

The United Nations General Assembly elects U Thant of Burma as its 3rd UN Secretary-General.

In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, the Hodges Meteorite crashes through a roof and hits a woman taking an afternoon nap in the only documented case of a human being hit by a rock from space.

Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.

1947-48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine begins, leading up to the creation of the state of Israel.

World War II: Tehran Conference — U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin agree to the planned June 1944 invasion of Europe code-named Operation Overlord.

World War II: Battle of Tassafaronga; A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raizō Tanaka defeats a U.S. cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.

Lucille Ball marries Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.

Winter War: Soviet forces cross the Finnish border in several places and bomb Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.

In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.

The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman becomes the first to officially exceed 100mph.
The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 mph.

Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
Costa Rica signs the Buenos Aires Convention, a copyright treaty.

A mine explosion in Marianna, Pennsylvania, kills 154.

American Old West: Kid Curry Logan, second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.

The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.

The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.

The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm.
A statue of King Charles XII of Sweden is inaugurated in Stockholm's Kungsträdgården.

American Civil War: Battle of Franklin - The Confederate Army of Tennessee led by General John Bell Hood mounts a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions commanded by John McAllister Schofield around Franklin, Tennessee, with Hood losing six generals and almost a third of his troops.

Crimean War: Battle of Sinop - The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.

First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the ground breaking.

Ground is broken at Allanburg, Ontario, for the building of the first Welland Canal.


In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transfer Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.

Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, promulgates a penal reform making his country the first state to abolish the death penalty. For this, November 30 is commemorated by 300 cities around the world as Cities for Life Day.
The Grand Duchy of Tuscany, under Pietro Leopoldo I, becomes the first modern state to abolish the death penalty (later commemorated as Cities for Life Day).

A 5.3 magnitude earthquake struck New Jersey.

American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris (1783) — In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).

Swedish king Charles XII dies during a siege of the fortress of Fredriksten in Norway.

The second Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.

Battle of Narva — A Swedish army of 8,500 men under Charles XII defeats a much larger Russian army at Narva.
3340 BC

Earliest believed record of an eclipse.