Today In History - Sunday, August 28th

2003


An electricity blackout cuts off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brings 60% of London's underground rail network to a halt.
1998


Pakistan's National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the "Qur'an and Sunnah" the "supreme law" but the bill is defeated in the Senate.
Second Congo War: Loyalist troops backed by Angolan and Zimbabwean forces repulse the RCD and Rwandan offensive on Kinshasa.
1996


Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales are divorced.
1992


Last US Manufactured Camaro Built in Van Nuys CA. Last 3rd Generation Z28, Last car with L98 350 Engine.
1991


Collapse of the Soviet Union: Ukraine declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
Collapse of the Soviet Union - Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
1990


Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.
The Plainfield Tornado: an F5 tornado hits in Plainfield, Illinois, and Joliet, Illinois, killing 28 people.
1988


Ramstein airshow disaster: Three aircraft of the Frecce Tricolori demonstration team collide and the wreckage falls into the crowd. Seventy-five are killed and 346 seriously injured.
1986


United States Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth is sentenced to 365 years imprisonment for espionage for the Soviet Union.
1981


The National Centers for Disease Control announce a high incidence of Pneumocystis and Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men. Soon, these will be recognized as symptoms of an immune disorder, which will be called AIDS.
1979


1971


The dollar is allowed to float against the yen for the first time.
1968


Riots in Chicago, Illinois, during the Democratic National Convention.
1964


1963


The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, the March on Washington, or The Great March on Washington as styled in a sound recording released after the event, was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C..Thousands of Americans headed to Washington on Tuesday August 27, 1963. On Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech in which he called for an end to racism.

The march was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations, under the theme "jobs, and freedom". Estimates of the number of participants varied from 200,000 to 300,000; it is widely accepted that approximately 250,000 people participated in the march. Observers estimated that 75–80% of the marchers were black.

The march is credited with helping to pass the Civil Rights Act (1964) and preceded the Selma Voting Rights Movement which led to the passage of the Voting Rights Act (1965).
Emily Hoffert and Janice Wylie are murdered in their Manhattan apartment, prompting the events that would lead to the passing of the Miranda Rights.
The Evergreen Point Bridge, the longest floating bridge in the world, opens between Seattle and Medina, Washington, US.
1961


Motown releases what would be its first #1 hit, "Please Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes.
1957


U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond begins a filibuster to prevent the Senate from voting on Civil Rights Act of 1957; he stopped speaking 24 hours and 18 minutes later, the longest filibuster ever conducted by a single Senator.
1955


Black teenager Emmett Till is murdered in Mississippi, galvanizing the nascent American Civil Rights Movement.
1953


Nippon Television broadcasts Japan's first television show, including its first TV advertisement.
1944


World War II: Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
1943


World War II: in Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation is started.
1937


Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
1931


France and Soviet Union sign a treaty of non-aggression.
1924


The Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
1917


Ten Suffragettes are arrested while picketing the White House.
1916


World War I: Germany declares war on Romania.
World War I: Italy declares war on Germany.
1914


World War I: The Royal Navy defeats the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.
World War I: German troops conquer Namur.
1913


1909


A group of mid-level Greek Army officers launches the Goudi coup, seeking wide-ranging reforms.
1901


Silliman University is founded in the Philippines. The first American private school in the country.
1898


Caleb Bradham invents the carbonated soft drink that will later be called "Pepsi-Cola".
1879


Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, is captured by the British.
1867


The United States takes possession of the (at this point unoccupied) Midway Atoll.
1862


American Civil War: Second Battle of Bull Run, also known as the Battle of Second Manassas. The battle ends on August 30.
1861


American Civil War: Union forces attack Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries which lasts for two days.
1859


A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan.
The Carrington event disrupts electrical telegraph services and causes aurora to shine so brightly that they are seen clearly over the Earth's middle latitudes.
1849


After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent as the Republic of San Marco, surrenders to Austria.
1845


''Scientific American'' magazine publishes its first issue.
The first issue of Scientific American magazine is published.
1833


The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 receives Royal Assent, abolishing slavery through most the British Empire.
1830


The ''Tom Thumb'' presages the first railway service in the United States.
1810


Battle of Grand Port: The French accept the surrender of a British Navy fleet.
1789


William Herschel discovers a new moon of Saturn: Enceladus.
1777


American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
1709


Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
1648


Siege of Colchester ended when Royalists Forces surrender to the Parliamentary Forces after eleven weeks, during the English Civil War.
1640


Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn.
1619


Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1609


Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.
1565


Pedro Menéndez de Avilés sights land near St. Augustine, Florida and founds the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.
1542


Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.
1524


The Kaqchikel Maya rebel against their former Spanish allies during the Spanish conquest of Guatemala.
1521


The Ottoman Turks occupy Belgrade.
1511


The Portuguese conquer Malacca.
1349


6,000 Jews are killed in Mainz, accused of being the cause of the plague.
1189


Third Crusade: The Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
663


Silla-Tang armies crush the Baekje restoration attempt and force Yamato Japan to withdraw from Korea in the Battle of Baekgang.
489


Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
475


The Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna.