Today In History - Sunday, January 22nd

2007


The jury portion of the trial against Robert Pickton, accused of being Canada's worst serial killer, opens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.
At least 88 people are killed when two car bombs explode in the Bab Al-Sharqi market in central Baghdad, Iraq.
2006


Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.
2003


Explosion killed 3 coal miners in the Mcelroy mine near Graysville in Marshall County, West Virginia.
2002


Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
1999


Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
1997


The United States Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the nation's first female secretary of state.
1995


Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre - In central Israel, near Netanya, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
1992


Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
Space Shuttle program: STS-42 Mission - Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
1991


Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
1990


Robert Tappan Morris is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.
1987


Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself during a televised press conference, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
Philippine security forces open fire on a crowd of 10,000-15,000 demonstrators at Malacañan Palace, Manila, killing 13.
1984


The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.
1973


Roe v. Wade, is a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. Decided simultaneously with a companion case, Doe v. Bolton, the Court ruled 7–2 that a right to privacy under the due process clause of the 14th Amendment extended to a woman's decision to have an abortion, but that this right must be balanced against the state's two legitimate interests in regulating abortions: protecting prenatal life and protecting women's health. Arguing that these state interests became stronger over the course of a pregnancy, the Court resolved this balancing test by tying state regulation of abortion to the third trimester of pregnancy.

The Court later rejected Roe's trimester framework, while affirming Roe's central holding that a person has a right to abortion until viability. The Roe decision defined "viable" as being "potentially able to live outside the mother's womb, albeit with artificial aid", adding that viability "is usually placed at about seven months (28 weeks) but may occur earlier, even at 24 weeks."

In disallowing many state and federal restrictions on abortion in the United States, Roe v. Wade prompted a national debate that continues today about issues including whether, and to what extent, abortion should be legal, who should decide the legality of abortion, what methods the Supreme Court should use in constitutional adjudication, and what the role should be of religious and moral views in the political sphere. Roe v. Wade reshaped national politics, dividing much of the United States into pro-choice and pro-life camps, while activating grassroots movements on both sides.
A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killing 176.
The crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the completion of the final Apollo moon landing mission.
1971


The Singapore Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations, is issued.
1970


The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.
1969


A gunman attempts to assassinate Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
1968


Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
Operation Igloo White, a US electronic surveillance system to stop communist infiltration into South Vietnam begins installation.
1963


The Élysée Treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
1962


The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
1959


Knox Mine disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
1957


Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
1952


The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, enters service for BOAC.
1947


KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.
1946


In Iran, Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president and Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
1944


World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio, Italy.
1941


World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1931


Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
1927


Teddy Wakelam gives the first live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
1924


Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1919


Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
1917


World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
1915


Over 600 people are killed in Guadalajara, Mexico, when a train plunges off the tracks into a deep canyon.
1906


SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
1905


Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
1901


Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1899


Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
1890


The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
1889


Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
1879


Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana - Zulu troops decisively defeat British troops.
Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift - 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an onslaught by three to four thousand Zulu warriors.
1877


Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
1863


The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian
1849


Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender.
1824


The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
1771


Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.
1689


The Convention Parliament convenes to determine whether James II and VII, the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland, had vacated the thrones when he fled to France in 1688.
1555


The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now present-day Burma.
1521


Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms
1517


The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya.
1506


The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
613


Constantine (8-month-old) is crowned as co-emperor (Caesar) by his father Heraclius at Constantinople.
565


Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.