Today In History - Saturday, April 18th

2007


The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.
1996


In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the UN compound at Quana where more than 800 civilians had taken refuge.
1993


President of Pakistan, Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolves the National Assembly and dismisses the Cabinet.
1992


General Abdul Rashid Dostum revolts against President Mohammad Najibullah of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and allies with Ahmed Shah Massoud to capture Kabul.
1988


The United States launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.
1983


A suicide bomber destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people.
1980


The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country's first President.
1974


The Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore Dry port.
1961


CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
1958


A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.
1955


Twenty-nine nations meet at Bandurg, Indonesia, for the first Asian-African Conference.
1954


Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt.
1949


The Republic of Ireland Act comes into force.
The aircraft carrier CVA-58 is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, the ''United States'' is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals.
1946


The League of Nations is dissolved.
1945


Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany.
Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established.
1943


World War II: Operation Vengeance, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island.
1942


World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya bombed.
Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France.
1924


Simon & Schuster publishes the first Crossword puzzle book.
1923


Yankee Stadium, "The House that Ruth Built," opens.
1915


French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
1912


The Cunard liner ''RMS Carpathia'' brings 705 survivors from the ''RMS Titanic'' to New York City.
1909


Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.
1906


The 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire destroys much of San Francisco, California.
The ''Los Angeles Times'' story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
1902


Quetzaltenango, second largest city of Guatemala, destroyed by Earthquake.
1899


The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.
1881


Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
1880


An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
1848


American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
1831


The University of Alabama is founded.
1797


The Battle of Neuwied - French victory against the Austrians.
1783


Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began.
1775


American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements.
1738


''Real Academia de la Historia'' ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid.
1518


Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.
1506


The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid.
1025


Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.