Today In History - Saturday, September 20th

2003


A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country's accession to the European Union.
Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.
2002


The Kolka-Karmadon rock/ice slide started.
2001


In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a "war on terror".
2000


The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.
1998


Baltimore Orioles third baseman Cal Ripken, Jr. Chooses to sit out the Orioles' game against the New York Yankees, ending his record streak for consecutive Major League Baseball games played at 2,632.
1990


South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
1984


A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twenty-two people.
1982


The National Football League players begin a 57-day strike.
1979


Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.
A coup d'état in the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokasa I.
The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
1977


The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.
1973


Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in The Battle of the Sexes tennis match at the Houston Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
1970


Syrian tanks roll into Jordan in response to continued fighting between Jordan and the fedayeen. The Jordanians knock out 30 of the Syrian tanks.
1967


The RMS ''Queen Elizabeth 2'' is launched at John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland. It is operated by the Cunard Line.
1962


James Meredith, an African-American, is barred from entering the University of Mississippi.
1954


New Zealand's Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
1946


The first Cannes Film Festival is held.
1942


Holocaust in Letychiv, Ukraine. In the course of two days German SS murders at least 3,000 Jews.
1930


Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
1920


Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
1917


Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1906


Cunard Line's RMS ''Mauretania'' is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
1891


The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
1881


Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States following the assassination of James Garfield.
1879


Cliftonville Football Club, the oldest club in Ireland, is founded.
1871


Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
1870


''Bersaglieri'' corps enter Rome through the ''Porta Pia'' and completes the unification of Italy; see capture of Rome.
1863


American Civil War: The Battle of Chickamauga ends.
1860


The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States.
1857


The Indian Rebellion of 1857 ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company.
1854


Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.
1848


The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
1835


Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
1792


French troops stop allied invasion of France, during the War of the First Coalition at Valmy.
1737


Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.
1697


The Treaty of Rijswijk is signed by France, England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic ending the Nine Years' War (1688–97).
1633


Galileo Galilei is tried before the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith for teaching that the Earth orbits the Sun.
1596


Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
1519


Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe.
1378


Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the Butcher of Cesena, is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.
1187


Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
451


The Battle of Chalons takes place in North Eastern France. Flavius Aetius's victory over Attila the Hun in a day of combat, is considered to be the largest battle in the ancient world.